- Greeks sailed extensively on the Aegean Sea and settled on islands and in Asia Minor. Iron replaced bronze in the making of tools and weapons. During the eighth century, the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, and Homer wrote his famous epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
- Independent city-states became the focus of Greek life. Trade and the search for new farmland led to colonies throughout the western Mediterranean. Trade also produced a new group of wealthy individuals who resented the power of the aristocrats. The new rich, along with many peasants, supported the rise of tyrants who seized power from the aristocrats. When the rule of tyrants declined, some city-states became oligarchies.
- In Sparta, a military state, a small group of men decided what issues to place before adult male voters: Oligarchy
- In Athens, aristocratic rule dissolved into political strife between peasants and aristocrats. Leadership shifted between reform-minded aristocrats and tyrants, until land reform and an assembly served as the foundations of Athenian democracy.
1. Students will finish their proposals for the World Leader project and turn those in to Mr. Duez. The proposal will have this filled out:
1) Who is the leader?
2) Why are they important to you?
3) What accomplishments do they have and how have they led people?
4) What do you propose to do for the product portion of the project - video, power point, poster, skit, song?
Mr. Duez will hand out Campbell's 6 Characteristics of a Leader
Students will read this when finished with their proposal. We'll discuss the text briefly and they will need to bring it next week during block day for a Socratic Seminar.
2. Notes - Chapter 4 - Homer & Greek Culture.