· From about 400 to 200 B.C., powerful Chinese states engaged in bloody civil war. The state of Qin eventually defeated its rivals, and its young leader, Qin Shihuangdi, declared a new dynasty.
· Qin adopted Legalism as his guiding principle, and political power became more centralized and bureaucratic. The emperor created a monetary system and built a vast network of roads. He also expanded the empire and started the building of the
Great Wall of China.
· However, civil war broke out again after Qin's death. Under the Han dynasty
became more stable. The Hans adopted Confucianism, rather than Legalism, as their guiding principle. Yet they built on many of Qin's bureaucratic innovations. China
suffered three hundred years of disorder and civil war following the collapse of the Han dynasty. The three dynasties that followed reunified the empire. China
· The Mongols brought the entire Eurasian land mass under a single rule, creating the largest land empire in history. After the death of Genghis Khan, the Mongol empire was divided into Khanates. The Mongol armies continued their invasions, eventually conquering
1. New Seating Chart ~ Collect Homework
2. Notes for Chapter 3 and 8 - China and Japan
3. PreQuiz on Chapters 3 and 8. Work on in class for a few minutes. Answers on Tuesday in class.
Quiz on China/Japan on Wed/Thu
Test is Friday