• Independent city-states became the focus of Greek life. Trade and the search for new farmland led to colonies throughout the western Mediterranean. Trade also produced a new group of wealthy individuals who resented the power of the aristocrats. The new rich, along with many peasants, supported the rise of tyrants who seized power from the aristocrats. When the rule of tyrants declined, some city-states became oligarchies.
• In Sparta, a military state, a small group of men decided what issues to place before adult male voters: Oligarchy
• In Athens, aristocratic rule dissolved into political strife between peasants and aristocrats. Leadership shifted between reform-minded aristocrats and tyrants, until land reform and an assembly served as the foundations of Athenian democracy.
Collect Homework for Chapter 4.
1. Video on Plagiarism. "Plagiarism: Your Writing NOT Someone Elses." It is a tongue in cheek look how to write from a group of college students who work at their writing center. It does a great job of getting the point across. "No Jimmy, NO! Do you realize that what you are doing can have a cataclysmic effect on your future?"
We will also see a quick video on "Cite a Source, How and Why You Should Do It." It is another university college student explaining how to cite sources and why it is important.
2. Pass out the "How to cite a source" paper that gives details on how to write the research paper.
3. Today in our look at Greece we'll discuss what life in Sparta & Athens was like. On Monday we'll continue a look at both.
Remember you'll debate and also write an essay for the test on this question:
"Where would you have rather of lived - Athens or Sparta?"