Citing sources in MLA format

For your research paper in the World Leader Project, you must have at least 3 sources in MLA Format.
One source can be Campbell's 6 Characteristics, and a second could be your text book.  A third would be a book about your leader.

Students often ask, "How do I cite my sources?"

If you quote fewer than 200 words from any source you are within the rules of "fair use" and do not have to ask permission of the work's author/editor to cite them in a scholarly paper. But you do still have to cite the source in a works cited page.

Use KnightCite or EasyBib to help, but the Works Cited page should look something like this:
Campbell's Article: 
Campbell, Scott. "Leaders Have Deep Roots: The Six Characteristics of Exceptional Leaders." 5D Leadership. AVID, 2002. Web. 30 Sept. 2010. .
Your Text Book:
Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History. Texas ed. Austin: Glencoe/McGraw Hill, 2003. N. pag. Print.
Please provide as much information as possible.  But, you should also be considering whether the source is a reliable one if you can not find an author name.  Does that maybe require you to head to the library and find a better or more appropriate book that can help?

You need to have both the reference in your paper AND the Works Cited Page.  The Works Cited page is a separate sheet at the end of your paper that lists your sources.

When you refer to an idea in a paper, even if it is not a direct quotation, you should reference the person from whom you got the idea.

To do that you would need to put in parenthesis the name of the author at the end of the sentence you wrote:
"Integrity is cultivated and maintained by making repeated decisions to live up to one’s
values and commitments (Campbell 1)." 
Note that in the sentence above, the entire sentence was copied from Campbell, so it is all in quotes.

Or, in an instance when you use the author's name in the sentence:
According to Campbell, integrity is defined as living up to one's values and commitments (1). 
Then in your Works Cited page you will have an entry with Campbell's source listed where the reader can check to see what source you used.

Good luck!  Please come to me during class or tutoring for help.  I can also be reached through email.  Don't claim ignorance on this.  Having a paper without sources is cheating!  I will not tolerate it.  If you try that in college you may be expelled from school.  It is a very serious offense.  I am hear to teach you to do it the right way.  When you get to AP, Dual Credit or College you will have the skills needed to succeed.

For more information see the You Tube video below:

Agenda: Wed. & Thu. Sept 29 and 30, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "The unexamined life is not worth living."  - Socrates
“Even after he has been convicted by the jury, Socrates declines to abandon his pursuit of the truth in all matters. Refusing to accept exile from Athens or a commitment to silence as his penalty, he maintains that public discussion of the great issues of life and virtue is a necessary part of any valuable human life. “The unexamined life is not worth living.” Socrates would rather die than give up philosophy, and the jury seems happy to grant him that wish.”

Learning Targets:
* Use Campbell's 6 Characteristics of a Leader & Pericles' Funeral Oration to determine which two characteristics fit Pericles's.
*  Learn how and execute a proper Socratic Seminar.

1.  Discuss changes to the quiz and test dates.  Get back Pericles packets from yesterday.
2.  Discuss what a Socratic Seminar is.  Divide into 6 groups to discuss Campbell & Pericles.
3.  Debrief discussion as a full group.
4.  Notes Chapter 4 - Polis, Greek city-states.

Fun website of the week...

I don't think these guys read the Iliad very closely.

World Leader Project - Leader's List

If you are considering a change to your world leader, or if you are still choosing your leader; please consult this list:

World Leader Spreadsheet

Agenda: Monday and Tuesday Sept. 27 and 28, 2010

Mr. Duez will be out on Monday and Tuesday.  He is presenting and teaching Social Studies teachers in our district for professional development.  He will return on Wednesday.  Ms. Guillory is our substitute and she is AWESOME.  Be on your best behavior.

Monday’s Plans
WORLD HISTORY (Period 3, 5, 6) PLANS:
1.  Take Attendance while a student passes out the video questions for “Athens Subway.”
2.  Play the DVD, “Athens Subway.”  The students need to answer the questions on the handout on a separate sheet of paper.  Explain that they need to pay attention and answer the questions, if they miss one, that is OK.  I am not looking for perfection, but I do want solid evidence that they were watching the video.
At the end they can answer the questions at the bottom and if there is time you can discuss those questions with the class.  The video should take most of the period.

Tuesday's Plans
World  History (3, 5, 6) PLANS:
1.  Take attendance.
2.  I have a 10 minute video on the Greek Olympics for the students to watch first.  It will be on the DVD on my desk.  It is for chapter 4.  You can use the DVD player to show it.  Students can take notes and watch.  It is not long.
3.  After the video, pass out the document by Pericles called “Funeral Oration.”  Have the students read it silently and annotate the text.  They can follow the directions at the top of the page.  
4.  If there is time at the end of the period, and students have done a good job, they can form groups of 4 and discuss the document.
Explain that we will be using Campbell’s “6 Characteristics of a Leader” and Pericles’s “Funeral Oration” in our Socratic Seminar on Wed/Thu. when Mr. Duez returns.

Go Texans!

The photo at the top is of Muhammad Ali. It is one of the most iconic sports images of all-time. 
Neil Leifer's iconic photograph of the moment, in 1965, when Ali stood over Liston, shouting, 'get up and fight, sucker.'
The bottom image is of the NFL's best wide receiver, Andre Johnson.  The photo was taken after Johnson's game tying touchdown last Sunday against the Washington Redskins. 

Agenda: Friday, Sept. 24th, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Leadership can be thought of as a capacity to define oneself to others that clarifies and expands a vision of the future."  - Edwin H. Friedman

Learning Targets:
  • Greeks sailed extensively on the Aegean Sea and settled on islands and in Asia Minor. Iron replaced bronze in the making of tools and weapons. During the eighth century, the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, and Homer wrote his famous epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
  • Independent city-states became the focus of Greek life. Trade and the search for new farmland led to colonies throughout the western Mediterranean. Trade also produced a new group of wealthy individuals who resented the power of the aristocrats. The new rich, along with many peasants, supported the rise of tyrants who seized power from the aristocrats. When the rule of tyrants declined, some city-states became oligarchies.
  • In Sparta, a military state, a small group of men decided what issues to place before adult male voters: Oligarchy 
  • In Athens, aristocratic rule dissolved into political strife between peasants and aristocrats. Leadership shifted between reform-minded aristocrats and tyrants, until land reform and an assembly served as the foundations of Athenian democracy.
1.  Students will finish their proposals for the World Leader project and turn those in to Mr. Duez.  The proposal will have this filled out:
1)  Who is the leader?
2)  Why are they important to you?
3)  What accomplishments do they have and how have they led people?
4)  What do you propose to do for the product portion of the project - video, power point, poster, skit, song?
Mr. Duez will hand out Campbell's 6 Characteristics of a Leader
Students will read this when finished with their proposal. We'll discuss the text briefly and they will need to bring it next week during block day for a Socratic Seminar.
2. Notes - Chapter 4 - Homer & Greek Culture.

Campbell's 6 Characteristics of a Leader

We will use this text for the World Leader Project.
Mr. Duez will hand it out on Friday.  Please bring it with you for next block day.

World Leader Project: Six Characteristics of a Leader, Campbell

Sinking Atlantis: Secrets of the Dead (Minoans)

This link will take you to the video documentary of Sinking Atlantis: The Secrets of the Dead.  It is a wonderful documentary about the first great European civilization - the Minoans.

At the height of their power, they were wiped from existence.  The video looks into just how they collapsed.  Very good stuff.

Chapter 4 - Ancient Greece - Notes Part I

Chapter 4 Ancient Greece Part 1

2010 World Leaders Project Rubric

Rubric World Leader Project

World Leader Proposal

On Friday the proposal for the Leadership Project is due.  This post will include a list of a few leaders that you might be able to choose.

Any proposal will be considered.
Only one leader will be chosen per class.
Mr. Duez will determine which proposal wins the right to profile that leader.
Make your proposal count.

Of course there are literally hundreds of people who could be considered World Leaders.  So keep in mind that you need to do these things with your proposal:
For Friday:
Write a proposal to do the project on a particular leader of interest to you.  In the proposal should be:
1)  Who is the leader?
2)  Why are they important to you?
3)  What accomplishments do they have and how have they led people?
4)  What do you propose to do for the product portion of the project - video, power point, poster, skit, song?

Possible World Leaders to choose from:

Adam Smith
Adolf Hitler
Albert Einstein
Anne Frank
Barack Obama
Baron de Montesquieu
Benazir Bhutto
Benito Mussolini
Booker T. Washington
Che Guevera
Chinese students in Tiananmen Square
Clarence Thomas
Colin Powell
Condeleeza Rice
Dalai Lama
Desmond Tutu
Elizabeth I
Emperor Justinian I
Franklin D. Roosevelt
George H. W. Bush
George W. Bush
Hideki Tojo
Hillary Clinton
Ho Chi Minh
Jean Jacques Rousseau
John Locke
John Maynard Keynes
John McCain
Joseph Stalin
Julius Caesar
Karl Marx
Kofi Anan
Lech Walesa
"Louis, Mary, and Richard Leakey"
Mao Zedong
Margaret Thatcher
Martin Luther King
Maximilien Robespierre
Mikhail Gorbachev
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mother Teresa
Napoleon Bonaparte
Nelson Mandela
Oscar Romero
Pope John Paul II
Richard Nixon
Ronald Reagan
Rosa Parks
Rudy Giuliani
Sarah Palin
Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Jefferson
V. I. Lenin
Voltaire (Fran├žois Marie Arouet)
WEB DuBois
Winston Churchill
Woodrow Wilson

Notes Chapter 4 Ancient Greece Part I

Chapter 4 Ancient Greece Part 1

Agenda: Wed & Thu Sept 21 and 22, 2010

Quote of the Day:  “A great leader's courage to fulfill his vision comes from passion, not position.” - John Maxwell

Learning Targets:

  • The Minoan civilization flourished on Crete as early as 2800 B.C. Most historians believe it was destroyed by the Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland. The Mycenaean civilization consisted of powerful monarchies that flourished between 1600 and 1100 B.C. After the collapse of this civilization, Greece entered a period known as the Dark Age. Food production decreased, and the population declined.
  • Greeks sailed extensively on the Aegean Sea and settled on islands and in Asia Minor. Iron replaced bronze in the making of tools and weapons. During the eighth century, the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, and Homer wrote his famous epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.

1.  Class Awards - We did not have the chance to do these yesterday.
2.  Introduce the World Leader Project, proposal is due on Friday.
3.  Notes for Greece - How geography influenced the development of Greece

Agenda: Tuesday Sept. 21, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "There are no shortcuts to any place worth going" - Helen Keller

(Students who did not take the test on Friday will take it during class today)
1.  CNN Student News.  We'll discuss watching this 10 minute video clip of the news and how we discuss it.  Students will take notes as they watch it.  Then they will write 2 summaries over two different stories.  Each summary has 2 sentences.  So 2 stories x 2 summaries = 4 sentences total.  Notes & 2x2.
2.  Mr. Duez will pass back the College Essays and we will discuss.
3.  Mr. Duez will introduce Chapter 4 - Ancient Greece
4.  Class Awards.  With about 10 minutes left in class, we will give out class awards.

Here is the CNN Student News clip:

Agenda: Monday, Sept. 20, 2010

Mr. Duez was out sick today.
The sub showed the video clip, "Who Killed King Tut."
Students took notes over the video.

Interestingly enough, this video clip shows exactly what did kill Tut - according to new evidence:

Free Online Kaplan Code for Humble ISD Students

Great for PSAT, ACT, or SAT help.
It's free.
I have a saying, "If it's FREE, it's for me.  If it's FREE, I'll take 3!"

Free Online Codes

Chapter 4 Ancient Greece Targets

2010 Chapter 4 Targets

Agenda: Friday, Sept. 17, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Seventy percent of success in life is showing up."  ~Woody Allen

TEST on Chapter 2 "Early Civilizations."
It is 30 multiple choice and matching questions and one essay:
"Compare and Contrast Two Early Civilizations."

On Monday we will begin Chapter 4 Ancient Greece.  Today we'll pass out the target sheet so you can begin the chapter.

Ancient Civ Posters 2010 Part II

Here are some more Ancient Civ posters that might help you prepare for the test.  Click on them to see them in a larger display.

Ancient Civ Posters 2010 Part I

Hoping these might help some of you prepare for your essays.  Click on the images to see them in large view:

Notes: Chapter 2 "Ancient Civilizations"

Chapter 2 Early Civilizations

Agenda: Wednesday, Sept. 15, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Change your thoughts and you change your world." - Norman Vincent Peale

Learning Targets:  

  • Egyptian civilization shared many features with early Mesopotamian civilization. It grew out of the farming economy along a major river, the NileHistorians describe three major periods in early Egyptian civilization: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.
  • Religion was important for the Egyptians, who lived in a structured society dominated by priests and nobles. Egyptians believed that their kings, often called pharaohs, ruled by divine right. They created an extensive government bureaucracy and built the pyramids as tombs for mummified pharaohs.
  • Art, science, and a form of writing called hieroglyphics also flourished in Egypt.

1.  Students will write out the thesis statement to the question: "Compare and Contrast two early civilizations."  (10 minutes)
2.  Notes Chapter 2
3.  Mr. Duez will do "Pepper" review of vocabulary

Study your target sheet, the notes, and also be sure to read over the book.  The essay is a big part of the test.  Be prepared.
If you need help, email me or come into tutoring on Thursday afternoon.

Agenda: Tuesday, Sept. 14, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Be fearful of mediocrity." - Jonathan Elroy

Learning Targets:

·         Mesopotamia—the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers—was the birthplace of several of the earliest known civilizations. Rainfall was sparse and unpredictable, but occasional floods had deposited layers of fertile silt. Irrigation and drainage techniques made regular farming possible; food supplies prompted social and economic changes that led to the emergence of civilization.
·         As early as 3000 B.C., Sumerians engaged in wide-spread trade and built walled cities that had economic and political control over the surrounding countryside. Like other Mesopotamians, Sumerians believed gods and goddesses controlled the universe and owned the cities, which were administered by priests and priestesses. Eventually power passed to kings. The Sumerians also created the cuneiform of writing and invented tools and devices such as the wagon wheel.
·         The Akkadians eventually overran the Sumerian city-states and created the first empire in world history. A return to city-states and other rulers followed. One of these rulers, Hammurabi, is remembered for his strict code of law.
·         Egyptian civilization shared many features with early Mesopotamian civilization. It grew out of the farming economy along a major river, the Nile. Historians describe three major periods in early Egyptian civilization: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.
·         Religion was important for the Egyptians, who lived in a structured society dominated by priests and nobles. Egyptians believed that their kings, often called pharaohs, ruled by divine right. They created an extensive government bureaucracy and built the pyramids as tombs for mummified pharaohs.
·         Art, science, and a form of writing called hieroglyphics also flourished in Egypt.

1.  Finish early civ poster presentations with Early India and Early China.
2.  Discuss essays for the test Friday - which two civilizations will you compare and contrast?
3.  Notes Chapter 2

There is no quiz for this chapter, but I would be ready with the vocabulary next class. Mr. Duez will be orally quizzing with the game "Pepper."

In Class Notes - Chapter 2 Early Civilizations

A student in each class sat and took notes today during our Civilization Poster presentations.  These notes are to be used to help you study for the test Friday.  Nothing replaces reading your book and studying from the target sheet though.

Ancient Civ Class Notes Period 1

Agenda: Monday, Sept. 12, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Texans 34 - Colts 24"

Learning Targets:
* Students will see all of the early civilizations in Chapter 2 and learn about things they have in common.
* Students will begin to develop their essays for the test:  Compare and Contrast 2 Early Civilizations

**Collect Homework for Chapter 2**
1.  5 minutes to get together with your groups and prepare  your poster before presenting.
2.  Present the Early Civ Posters
All students will take notes.
We will have a class scribe who will be at the computer typing in notes.  We will put those on the website tomorrow to help study for the test.

Humble ISD College Night - October 6, 2010

Humble ISD College Night is Wednesday, October 6 from 6 to 9 p.m. at the Humble Civic Center. There will be over 150 colleges and universities in attendance for this event.

Agenda: Friday, Sept. 10, 2010

Quote of the Day: "We will never forget."  9/11/2001
AHS Students have created a memorial out in the front of the school with flags.  It looks great.  These are some of Mr. Duez's former students in the pictures below:

So proud of these guys.  It looks wonderful.  
Mr. Duez will not be here past 11:00 tomorrow.  He has a doctor's appointment and will return on Monday.
1.  Students will answer the question: "What do you remember about 911" on a sheet of Cornell Notes paper.  They will have 3 minutes to write.  Then we will discuss for 5 minutes.
2.  Students will watch the video "Tombs of the Gods: Giza The Great Pyramids of Egypt"
Students will take cornell notes, write a reflection and hand them in when they are finished.

On Monday the homework questions are due for Chapter 2.  The Test is next Friday.
On Monday we will present the Civilization posters.

Agenda: Wed. & Thu. Sept. 8 & 9, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "People who work together will win, whether it be against complex football defenses, or the problems of modern society."  Vince Lombardi (1913-1970), NFL coach.

Learning Targets:
*Work cooperatively in groups to present Early Civilization Posters to the class
*Compare and contrast two early Civs; look at similarities and differences; use the 6 characteristics of a Civilization and P-E-R-S-I-A to help you.
*Understand the significance of geography on early civs (Mesopotamia & Egypt)

1.  Mr. Duez will hand out the Targets for Chapter 2 and discuss chapter 2 with the students.
2.  The class will be divided into groups:
1 - Ancient Mesopotamia
2 - Egypt
3 - Phoenicians
4 - Israelites
5 - Assyrian Empire
6 - Persian Empire
7 - Early China (Chapter 3)
8 - Early India (Chapter 3)

We will use some handouts from the chapter and the many older textbooks that Mr. Duez has in class to do the research. All posters must have:
A) Name of the Civilization very big at the top of the poster
B) A Map of the Civilization
C) Highlight some notes from the 6 Characteristics of a Civilization - 1. Religion 2. Social Structure 3. Writing System 4. Government 5. Art 6. Cities
D) Highlight notes from P-E-R-S-I-A: Political, Economic, Religious, Social, Intellectual, Artistic qualities of the civilization.
E) All posters much have at least 3 symbols drawn on it to showcase the civilization

Here are some examples from the past:

Sally (left) and Taylor (right) showing off their great work.  They are now at Tulane and UT respectively.

Agenda: Tuesday, September 7, 2010

Quote of the Day:  "Whether you think you can or think you can't, you're right."  -Henry Ford

Learning Targets:
* Students will present their Rock Art projects to the class.  The idea is to consider early writing systems, cave art, and communication.
* Students will also turn in their project, which includes the College Essay.

1.  Mr. Duez will pass out Chapter 2 Targets.  This will give everyone a chance to start working on Chapter 2 tonight.
2.  Students will present their Rock Art Projects.  We will do it in 60 seconds.  Each student will stand before the class and have 60 seconds to present their project.  They will tell us about their coded message and why they chose it.  They will tell us about 3 of their symbols and why they chose them.  They will also discuss the person of influence that they wrote their College Essay about.  After 60 seconds a support person (there will be 2 support people standing next to the speaker a few steps behind) will take over and a new person will become the support.
3.  If there is any time remaining, Mr. Duez will introduce Chapter 2 - Early Civilizations.

Targets for Chapter 2 - Early Civilization and Empires

2010 Chapter 2 Targets Early Civilizations

Some weekend help with the Rock Art Project

Hope Labor Day weekend is going well.

Hope you are not confused about your project.  I hate it when Eagles get confused!
Don't stay confused.  Ask for help!
I have read about 10 more rough drafts and sent feedback to students.  A common problem has been "telling" me about the person of influence only.  Instead of saying, "They did this... they did that..." why not show it by describing them in detail or explain a certain day, situation or time when they were an influence on you.

Remember to follow the RUBRIC.
If you have trouble remembering it, just be like Dorthy.  "Follow the yellow brick-Rubric.  Follow the yellow brick-Rubric.  Follow the yellow brick-Rubric!"
Wonder who Dorthy would chose as her 'person of influence?'
I know using this blog can be a challenge sometimes.  Remember that you can access older posts (or things I put up on the website a few weeks ago) by clicking on "Older Posts" at the bottom of this page.

Because I have posted the rubrics for the Rock Art Project earlier, they do not appear on this first page.  Here is a shortcut to:
The essay rubric:

The entire project:

Here are a couple of images of old Rock Art posters that were done:
These were the best in 2007.

Looks like Music, Her Dog, and the Patriettes were important to her.  

Student used the 'burnt edges'.  Great technique.  Don't burn down your house!

Surf's up Dude!

Only issue with this one is the Cowboy Star.  Might have to take points off (only kidding!).